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ISE 2 – Topic – The World of Work

Employment Vocabulary

  • Employee – a person who works for another person or for a company for wages or a salary.
  • Employer – a person or company that has people who do work for wages or a salary: a person or company that has employees.
  • Worker – a person who does a particular job to earn money.
  • Apprentice – a person who learns a job or skill by working for a fixed period of time for someone who is very good at that job or skill.
  • Trainee – a person who is being trained for a job.
  • Intern – a student or recent graduate who works for a period of time at a job in order to get experience.
  • Full-time job – working the full number of hours considered normal or standard. Normally 8.
  • Part-time job – working or involving fewer hours than is considered normal or standard.
  • Shifts – the scheduled period of time during which a person
  • works.
  • Overtime – time spent working at your job that is in addition to your normal working hours.
  • Flexitime – a system in which employees are required to work a certain number of hours but are allowed to choose their own times for starting and finishing work.
  • Occupation – the work that a person does: a person’s job or profession.
  • Profession – a type of job that requires special education, training, or skill.
  • Earn your living – to get (money, a salary, etc.) for work that you have done.
  • To get a raise – to receive an increase in the amount of your pay.
  • Promotion – the act of promoting someone or something: such as a: the act of moving someone to a higher or more important position or rank in an organization.
  • Maternity leave – not going to work for a specific period of time since you have just given birth.
  • Salary – an amount of money that an employee is paid each year.
  • Wage – very similar to salary: an amount of money that a worker is paid based on the number of hours, days, etc., that are worked.

Unemployment Vocabulary

  • Period of notice – a statement telling someone that an agreement, job, etc., will end soon.
  • To be unemployed – to be without a job.
  • To be out of work – to be without a job.
  • To be on the dole – money that a government gives to people who do not have jobs or who are very poor.
  • To fire somebody – to dismiss (someone) from a job.
  • To sack somebody – to dismiss (someone) from a job.
  • To hand in one’s notice – to give your boss a statement telling someone that an agreement, job, etc., will end soon.
  • To resign – to give up (a job or position) in a formal or official way.
  • To quit – to leave (a job, school, career, etc.).
  • Unemployment benefit – money that is paid by a company (such as an insurance company) or by a government when someone dies, becomes sick, stops working, etc.

Union Vocabulary

  • Demonstration – an act of showing someone how something is used or done.
  • Reforms – an action, plan, rule, etc., that is meant to improve something.
  • Strike – a period of time when workers stop work in order to force an employer to agree to their demands.
  • Boycott – to refuse to buy, use, or participate in (something) as a way of protesting.

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