ISE 2 – Topic – The World of Work
- Employee – a person who works for another person or for a company for wages or a salary.
- Employer – a person or company that has people who do work for wages or a salary: a person or company that has employees.
- Worker – a person who does a particular job to earn money.
- Apprentice – a person who learns a job or skill by working for a fixed period of time for someone who is very good at that job or skill.
- Trainee – a person who is being trained for a job.
- Intern – a student or recent graduate who works for a period of time at a job in order to get experience.
- Full-time job – working the full number of hours considered normal or standard. Normally 8.
- Part-time job – working or involving fewer hours than is considered normal or standard.
- Shifts – the scheduled period of time during which a person
- Overtime – time spent working at your job that is in addition to your normal working hours.
- Flexitime – a system in which employees are required to work a certain number of hours but are allowed to choose their own times for starting and finishing work.
- Occupation – the work that a person does: a person’s job or profession.
- Profession – a type of job that requires special education, training, or skill.
- Earn your living – to get (money, a salary, etc.) for work that you have done.
- To get a raise – to receive an increase in the amount of your pay.
- Promotion – the act of promoting someone or something: such as a: the act of moving someone to a higher or more important position or rank in an organization.
- Maternity leave – not going to work for a specific period of time since you have just given birth.
- Salary – an amount of money that an employee is paid each year.
- Wage – very similar to salary: an amount of money that a worker is paid based on the number of hours, days, etc., that are worked.
- Period of notice – a statement telling someone that an agreement, job, etc., will end soon.
- To be unemployed – to be without a job.
- To be out of work – to be without a job.
- To be on the dole – money that a government gives to people who do not have jobs or who are very poor.
- To fire somebody – to dismiss (someone) from a job.
- To sack somebody – to dismiss (someone) from a job.
- To hand in one’s notice – to give your boss a statement telling someone that an agreement, job, etc., will end soon.
- To resign – to give up (a job or position) in a formal or official way.
- To quit – to leave (a job, school, career, etc.).
- Unemployment benefit – money that is paid by a company (such as an insurance company) or by a government when someone dies, becomes sick, stops working, etc.
- Demonstration – an act of showing someone how something is used or done.
- Reforms – an action, plan, rule, etc., that is meant to improve something.
- Strike – a period of time when workers stop work in order to force an employer to agree to their demands.
- Boycott – to refuse to buy, use, or participate in (something) as a way of protesting.